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Research Article
New national and regional Annex I Habitat records: from #37 to #44
expand article infoGianmarco Tavilla, Claudia Angiolini§, Simonetta Bagella|, Federica Bonini, Salvatore Cambria, Maria Carmela Caria|, Assunta Esposito#, Emanuele Fanfarillo§, Valentina Ferri, Tiberio Fiaschi§, Lorenzo Gianguzzi¤, Gianpietro Giusso del Galdo, Vincenzo Ilardi¤, Giacomo Mei«, Pietro Minissale, Giovanni Rivieccio|, Saverio Sciandrello, Adriano Stinca#, Giuseppe Bazan¤
‡ University of Catania, Catania, Italy
§ University of Siena, Siena, Italy
| University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy
¶ University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy
# University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Caserta, Italy
¤ University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy
« Mediterranea University of Reggio Calabria, Reggio Calabria, Italy
Open Access

Abstract

In this contribution, Italian new data concerning the distribution of the Annex I Habitats 3150, 3170*, 3260, 4090, 91L0, 91M0, 9340 are reported. In detail, 20 new occurrences in Natura 2000 sites are presented and 30 new cells are added in the EEA 10 km × 10 km reference grid. The new data refer to the Italian administrative regions of Campania, Lazio, Sardinia, Sicily, Tuscany, and Umbria.

Keywords

3150, 3170*, 3260, 4090, 91L0, 91M0, 9340, conservation, vegetation, 92/43/EEC Directive

Introduction

This is the seventh standardized contribution reporting records of new occurrences of Annex I Habitats in Europe. Based on the results of the 4th Report ex-Art. 17 of Annex I Habitat Monitoring in Europe (Eionet 2019), these cell occurrences are newly recorded for Italy. The related phytosociological relevés of each contribution will be archived in the national database “VegItaly”, managed by the Italian Society of Vegetation Science (Gigante et al. 2012; Landucci et al. 2012). The parameter such as range (surface area) is one of the criteria used to assess habitat conservation status. In this perspective, implementing the knowledge of habitat occurrence with new habitat records might be beneficial to evaluate their conservation status more accurately.

Habitat records

Following the standard format of Gigante et al. (2019a), all species data, site data and descriptions of the new habitat records are hereafter provided. A synthetic overview of the newly recorded occurrences is provided in Table 1. The maps have been created by using the open source QGIS Geographic Information System (QGIS.org 2020).

Table 1.

Synthetic overview of the newly reported data (CONT = Continental, MED = Mediterranean).

Hab ID Hab name Cell ID Country BR N2000 Site Authors
3150 Natural euthrophic lakes with Magnopotamion or Hydrocharition-type vegetation 10kmE455N224 Italy CONT IT5210014 Bonini F., Ferri V.
3170* Mediterranean Temporary Ponds 10kmE421N186 Italy MED - Rivieccio G., Bagella S., Caria MC.
3170* Mediterranean Temporary Ponds 10kmE479N157, 10kmE476N158, 10kmE457N162, 10kmE468N164, 10kmE475N157, 10kmE468N165, 10kmE467N165, 10kmE479N168, 10kmE476N167, 10kmE470N157, 10kmE476N154, 10kmE472N163; 10kmE463N162; 10kmE462N162; 10kmE462N163, 10kmE459N162, 10kmE459N166 Italy MED ITA030010, ITA030005, ITA020016, ITA050012, ITA020020, ITA020004, ITA020028, ITA060003 Tavilla G., Cambria S., Sciandrello S., Minissale P., Giusso del Galdo G.
3260 Water courses of plain to montane levels with the Ranunculion fluitantis and Callitricho-Batrachion vegetation 10kmE441N225 Italy MED - Fiaschi T., Fanfarillo E., Angiolini C.
4090 Endemic oro-Mediterranean heaths with gorse 10kmE475N172, 10kmE474N173, 10kmE468N166, 10kmE467N166, 10kmE461N168, 10kmE450N152 Italy MED ITA030030, ITA030029, ITA020017, ITA020050, ITA020003, ITA020006, ITA010020, ITA010030 Gianguzzi L., Ilardi V., Bazan G.
91L0 Illyrian oak-hornbeam forests (Erythronio-Carpinion) 10kmE459N207 Italy MED - Fanfarillo E., Fiaschi T., Angiolini C.
91M0 Pannonian-Balkanic turkey oak-sessile oak forests 10kmE459N206 Italy MED - Fanfarillo E., Fiaschi T., Angiolini C.
9340 Quercus ilex and Quercus rotundifolia forests 10kmE468N197, 10kmE469N198 Italy MED IT8030021, IT8030036, IT8030037 Stinca A., Mei G., Esposito A.

#37. Annex I Habitat: 3150 Natural euthrophic lakes with Magnopotamion or Hydrocharition-type vegetation (Bonini F, Ferri V)

EUNIS Classification system : C1.3 - Permanent eutrophic lakes, ponds and pools

Biogeographical Region : Continental

National Habitat Checklist of reference : “Manuale Italiano di interpretazione degli habitat della Direttiva 92/43/CEE” (Biondi et al. 2009).

Phytosociological reference : Potametum natantis Hild 1959, Nymphaeion albae Oberd. 1957, Potamogetonetalia Koch 1926, Potamogetonetea Klika in Klika et Novák 1941 (Mucina et al. 2016).

Geographic information : Italy, Umbria, Perugia, Gualdo Tadino, Valsorda, 1008 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 43.259999 N, 12.815047 E (Tab. 2, Rel. 1); 1007 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 43.260040 N, 12.815042 E (Tab. 2, Rel. 2); 1007 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 43.260049 N, 12.815021 E (Tab. 2, Rel. 3).

Cells ID in the EEA reference grid : 10kmE455N224 (Fig. 1).

Figure 1. 

Distribution in Italy of the Habitat 3150: in black the new cell, in grey the cells officially reported in the 4th Habitat report ex-Art. 17 (period 2013-2018; Eionet 2019).

Table 2.

Habitat 3150.

Relevé number 1 2 3 Presences
Cell ID 10kmE455N224 10kmE455N224 10kmE455N224
Latitude 43.259999 43.260040 43.260049
Longitude 12.815047 12.815042 12.815021
Date 5/23/2022 5/23/2022 5/23/2022
Area (m²) 1 1 1
Altitude (m a.s.l.) 1008 1007 1007
Aspect (°) - - -
Slope (°) 0 0 0
Water column height (cm) 40 31 34
Emergent herb layer Cover (%) 80 90 60
Submerged layer Cover (%) 30 10 10
Total Cover (%) 100 100 70
Potametum natantis , Nymphaeion albae , Potamogetonetalia , Potamogetonetea
^Potamogeton natans L. 5 5 4 3
Other species
Oedogonium sp. 2 2 2 3
Draparnaldia sp. 1 . r 2
Spirogyra sp. + . + 2
Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roem. & Schult. . . 1 1
^ Reference plant species of the Habitat 3150, from Biondi et al. (2009).

Natura 2000 Site Code : SAC IT5210014 “Monti Maggio - Nero (sommità)”.

Phytosociological table : Tab. 2; vascular taxa nomenclature according to “Portale della Flora d’Italia” (2021); algal taxa identification and nomenclature according to Bellinger and Sigee (2010).

Notes : The Potamogeton natans-dominated vegetation reported here refers to a little karst lake (Fig. 2) located in the SAC IT5210014 “Monti Maggio - Nero (sommità)”. Relevés show an evident and characteristic floristic poorness. Algal taxa at the genus level have been included in the survey too.

Figure 2. 

Aspect of the Habitat 3150 in the reported stand (Valsorda, Gualdo Tadino, Perugia, Italy).

Nowadays the lake covers an area of about 310 m2, surrounded by an outer belt with Eleocharis palustris vegetation about 5 m wide. Diachronic satellite images observed through the Google Earth software (2022) show a progressive reduction of the lake surface over the last 20 years.

The finding occurred during the activities of the Life Integrated project LIFE19 IPE/IT/000015 “LIFE IMAGINE Umbria - Integrated MAnagement and Grant Investments for the N2000 NEtwork in Umbria”.

#38. Annex I Habitat: 3170* Mediterranean Temporary Ponds (Rivieccio G, Bagella S, Caria MC)

EUNIS Classification system : C3.4 - Species-poor beds of low-growing water-fringing or amphibious vegetation

Biogeographical Region : Mediterranean

National Habitat Checklist of reference : “Manuale Italiano di interpretazione degli habitat della Direttiva 92/43/CEE” (Biondi et al. 2009).

Phytosociological reference : Isoëtion Br.-Bl. 1935, Isoëtetalia Br.-Bl. 1935, Isoëto-Nanojuncetea Br.-Bl. et Tx. in Br.-Bl. et al. 1952 (Mucina et al. 2016).

Geographic information : Italy, Sardinia, Oristano, Usellus, Altopiano S.Chiara, Paule Quaddu, 434 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 39.833047 N, 8.800797 E (Tab. 3, Rel. 1) and 435 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 39.833450 N, 8.801269 E (Tab. 3, Rel. 2).

Cell ID in the EEA reference grid : 10kmE421N186 (Fig. 3).

Figure 3. 

Distribution in Italy of the Habitat 3170*: in black the new cells, in grey the cells officially reported in the 4th Habitat report ex-Art. 17 (period 2013–2018; Eionet 2019), in white (black outline) the cells later reported (Bazan et al. 2021; Gigante et al. 2019a).

Table 3.

Habitat 3170* .

Relevé number 1 2 Presences
Cell ID 10kmE421N186 10kmE421N186
Latitude 39.833047 39.833450
Longitude 8.800797 8.801269
Date 5/28/2014 5/28/2014
Area (m2) 1 1
Altitude (m a.s.l.) 434 435
Cover (%) 90 90
Charact. and diff. of Isoëtion, Isoëtetalia, Isoëto-Nanojuncetea
^Isoëtes histrix Bory 3 2 2
^Agrostis pourretii Willd. 2 1 2
^Cicendia filiformis (L.) Delarbre 1 + 2
^Lythrum hyssopifolia L. + + 2
^Juncus pygmaeus Rich. ex Thuill. 1 2 2
^Juncus bufonius L. 1 + 2
Centaurium maritimum (L.) Fritsch + . 1
Solenopsis laurentia (L.) C. Presl + . 1
Briza minor L. . r 1
Eryngium pusillum L. + . 1
Other species
Bellis annua L. + + 2
Bromus hordeaceus L. 1 + 2
Chamaemelum fuscatum (Brot.) Vasc. 1 1 2
Cynosurus polybracteatus Poir. 1 + 2
Eudianthe laeta (Aiton) Fenzl 1 + 2
Hordeum geniculatum All. + + 2
Linum usitatissimum L. subsp. angustifolium (Huds.) Thell. + + 2
Lotus parviflorus Desf. + + 2
Lysimachia foemina (Mill.) U. Manns & Anderb. + + 2
Trifolium subterraneum L. 1 + 2
Anacamptis longicornu (Poir.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase r . 1
Asphodelus ramosus L. + . 1
Bellardia viscosa (L.) Fisch. & C.A. Mey. . + 1
Carex divisa Huds. . + 1
Carex flacca Schreb. + . 1
Filago germanica (L.) Huds. . + 1
Macrobriza maxima (L.) Tzvelev + . 1
Oenanthe pimpinelloides L. . + 1
Plantago lanceolata L. + . 1
Trifolium campestre Schreb. . + 1
^ Reference plant species of the Habitat 3170*, from Biondi et al. (2009).

Nature 2000 Site Code : currently not included in any Natura 2000 Site.

Phytosociological table : Tab. 3; taxonomic nomenclature according to “Portale della Flora d’Italia” (2021).

Notes : Paule Quaddu is in a silvo-pastoral area, and its conservation depends on traditional land use (Bagella et al. 2016; Fois et al. 2021). The uncontrolled action of wild boars, particularly in the outer belt, could adversely affect typical habitat species mainly when associated with ongoing climate change (Bagella and Caria 2013; Bolpagni et al. 2019; Caria et al. 2021). Because Paule Quadda has great floristic richness and is home to many species of conservation concern, it should be monitored despite being, like many sites in habitat 3170*, outside the Natura 2000 network (Bagella et al. 2013).

#39. Annex I Habitat: 3170* Mediterranean Temporary Ponds (Tavilla G, Cambria S, Sciandrello S, Minissale P, Giusso del Galdo G)

EUNIS Classification system : C3.4 - Species-poor beds of low-growing water-fringing or amphibious vegetation

Biogeographical Region : Mediterranean

National Habitat Checklist of reference : “Manuale Italiano di interpretazione degli habitat della Direttiva 92/43/CEE” (Biondi et al. 2009).

Phytosociological reference : Relevés and tables mentioned in this paragraph refer to Brullo and Marcenò (1974), and Brullo et al. (2022): Isoëtetum durieui Br.-Bl. 1936 (Tab. A2), Lythro hyssopifoliae-Elatinetum macropodae Brullo, Sciandrello, Tavilla & Minissale 2022 (Tab. A6); Buillardio vaillantii-Elatinetum campylospermae Brullo, Sciandrello, Minissale, Cambria, Ilardi & Giusso 2022 (Tab. A7), Isoëtion Br.-Bl. 1936; Isoëto velatae-Crassuletum vaillantii Poiron & Barbero 1965 (Tab. A9), Ranunculo laterifloro-Antinorietum insularis Brullo, Grillo & Terrasi 1976 (Tab. A10), Myosuro minimi-Ranunculetum lateriflori Raimondo 1980 (Tab. A11), Ranunculo lateriflori-Callitrichetum brutiae Brullo & Minissale 1998 (Tab. A13), Callitricho brutiae-Crassuletum vaillantii Brullo, Scelsi, Siracusa & Tomaselli 1998 (Tab. A14), Preslion cervinae Br.-Bl. ex Moor 1937; Isoëtetalia Br.-Bl. 1936; Plantagini intermediae-Cyperetum fusci Sciandrello, D’Agostino & Minissale 2013 (Tab. A24), Nanocyperion flavescentis Koch 1926; Heliotropio supini-Heleochloetum schoenoidis Rivas Goday 1956 (Tab. A26), Glino lotoidis-Verbenetum supinae Rivas Goday 1964 (Tab. A27), Coronopo squamati-Corrigioletum litoralis Brullo & C. Brullo 2022 (Tab. A30), Verbenion supinae Slavnic 1951, Nanocyperetalia Klika 1935, Isoëto-Nanojuncetea Br.-Bl. & R. Tx. ex Westhoff, Dijk & Passchier 1946 (Brullo et al. 2022). Geographic information: Italy, Sicily, Fiumedinisi (Me), Gole Santissima, 679 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 38.070343 N, 15.380235 E [Tab. A24 (Rels 18 to 29) in Brullo et al. (2022)]; Italy, Sicily, Fiumedinisi (Me), Torrente Vacco, 500 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 38.057154 N, 15.354371 E [Tab. A24 (Rels 9 to 17) in Brullo et al. (2022)]; Italy, Sicily, Argimusco (Bosco di Malabotta), Coordinates: unknown [Tab. A30 in Brullo et al. (2022)]; Italy, Sicily, Bosco Pisano (Buccheri), Coordinates: unknown [Tab. A14 in Brullo et al. (2022)]; Italy, Sicily, Hyblean plateau, Monte Lauro, Coordinates: unknown [Tab. A10 and Tab. A13 in Brullo et al. (2022)], Italy, Sicily, Carlentini, Cozzo Fico, 364 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 37.235751 N, 15.002701 E [Tab. A9 (Rels 6 to 8) in Brullo et al. (2022)]; Italy, Sicily, Madonie massif, Coordinates: unknown [Tab. A11 in Brullo et al. (2022)], Italy, Sicily, Castelvetrano, Castello della Pietra, 135 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 37.666873 N, 12.892273 E [Tab. A7 (Rels 9 to 11) in Brullo et al. (2022)], Italy, Sicily, Syracuse, Coordinates: unknown [Tab A6 (Rels 10 to 20) in Brullo et al. (2022)], Italy, Sicily, Petralia Soprana, Pollicino Margio, 1270 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 37.823477 N, 14.127076 E [Tab. A2 (Rels 1 to 2) in Brullo et al. (2022)], Italy, Sicily, Caltanisetta, Lago Disueri, 160 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 37.192295 N, 14.295359 E [Tab. A27 (Rels 28 to 34) in Brullo et al. (2022)]; Italy, Sicily, Castronovo di Sicilia, Lago Fanaco, 690 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 37.661405 N, 13.554113 E [Tab. A26 (Rels 5 to 7) in Brullo et al. (2022)]; Italy, Sicily, Castronovo di Sicilia, Lago Pian del Leone, 836 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 37.667570 N, 13.475648 E [Tab. A26 (Rel. 14) in Brullo et al. (2022)]; Italy, Sicily, Palermo, Lago Prizzi, 655 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 37.730444 N, 13.405263 E [Tab. A26 (Rels 11 to 13) in Brullo et al. (2022)]; Italy, Sicily, Regalbuto, Lago Pozzillo, 370 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 37.652906 N, 14.594773 E, 37.652906 N [Tab. A26 (Rel. 2) in Brullo et al. (2022)]; Italy, Sicily, Agrigento, Lago Arancio, 180 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 37.633536 N, 13.067903 E, 37.633536 N [Tab. A27 (Rels 1 to 9) in Brullo et al. (2022)]; Italy, Sicily, Palermo, Lago Poma, 190 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 37.985357 N, 13.101472 E, 37.985357 N [Tab. 1 (Rel. 24) in Brullo and Marcenò (1974)]; Italy, Sicily, Rosolini, Cava Grande, 240 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 36.838528 N, 14.901330 E, 36.838528 N [Tab. A6 (Rels 21 to 25) in Brullo et al. (2022)].

Cell ID in the EEA reference grid : 10kmE479N157 [Tab A6 (Rels 10 to 20) in Brullo et al. (2022)], 10kmE476N158 [Tab. A9 (Rels 6 to 8) in Brullo et al. (2022)], 10kmE457N162 [Tab. A7 (Rels 9 to 11) in Brullo et al. (2022)], 10kmE468N164 [Tab. A2 (Rels 1 to 2) in Brullo et al. (2022)], 10kmE475N157 [Tab. A10, A134 and A14 in Brullo et al. (2022) in Brullo et al. (2022)], 10kmE468N165 [Tab. A11 (Rels 3 to 7) in Brullo et al. (2022)], 10kmE467N165 [Tab. A11 (Rels 1 to 2 and Rel. 8) in Brullo et al. (2022)], 10kmE479N168 [Tab. A24 (Rels 9 to 29) in Brullo et al. (2022)], 10kmE476N167 [Tab. A30 (Rels 1 to 5) in Brullo et al. (2022)], 10kmE470N157 [Tab. A27 (Rels 28 to 34) in Brullo et al. (2022)], 10kmE476N154 [Tab. A6 (Rels 21 to 25) in Brullo et al. (2022)], 10kmE472N163 [Tab. A26 (Rel. 2) in Brullo et al. (2022)]; 10kmE463N162 [Tab. A26 (Rels 5 to 7) in Brullo et al. (2022)]; 10kmE462N162 [Tab. A26 (Rel. 14) in Brullo et al. (2022)]; 10kmE462N163 [Tab. A26 (Rels 11 to 13) in Brullo et al. (2022)], 10kmE459N162 [Tab. A27 (Rels 1 to 9) in Brullo et al. (2022)], 10kmE459N166 [Tab. 1 (Rel. 24) in Brullo and Marcenò (1974)] (Fig. 3).

Nature 2000 Site Code : Relevés and tables mentioned in this paragraph refer to Brullo et al. (2022): SAC ITA030010 “Fiume Fiumedinisi, Monte Suderi” (Tab. A24, Rels 9 to 29); SAC ITA030005 “Bosco di Malabotta” (Tab. A30); SAC ITA020016 “Monte Quacella, Monte dei Cervi, Pizzo Carbonara, Monte Ferro, Pizzo Otiero” (Tab. A11, Rels 1 to 2); SPA ITA050012 “Torre Manfria, Biviere e Pianda di Gela” (Tab. A27, Rels 28 to 34); SAC ITA020020 “Querceti sempreverdi di Geraci Siculo e Castelbuono” (Tab. A11, Rels 3 to 7); SAC ITA020004 “Monte S. Salvatore, Monte Catarineci, Vallone Mandarini, ambienti umidi” (Tab. A11, Rel. 8); SAC ITA020028 “Serra del Leone e Monte Stagnataro” (Tab. A26, Rels 5 to 7); SAC ITA060003 “Lago di Pozzillo” (Tab. A26, Rel. 2).

Phytosociological table : Tabs A2, A6, A7, A9, A10, A11, A13, A14, A24, A26, A27, A30 in Brullo et al. (2022) and Tab. 1 in Brullo and Marcenò (1974); taxonomic nomenclature according to Bartolucci et al. (2018).

Notes : This habitat, characterized by plant communities belonging to class, occurs from the coastal belt to the high mountains of the northern ranges (up to 1600 m a.s.l.) in Sicily. These findings are in accordance with the syntaxonomical revision carried out by Brullo et al. (2022).

#40. Annex I Habitat: 3260 Water courses of plain to montane levels with the Ranunculion fluitantis and Callitricho-Batrachion vegetation (Fiaschi T, Fanfarillo E, Angiolini C)

EUNIS Classification system : C2.3 Permanent non-tidal, smooth-flowing watercourses.

Biogeographical Region : Mediterranean

National Habitat Checklist of reference : “Manuale Italiano di interpretazione degli habitat della Direttiva 92/43/CEE” (Biondi et al. 2009).

Phytosociological reference : Batrachion fluitantis Neuhäusl 1959, Potametalia pectinati Koch 1926, Potamogetonetea Klika in Klika et Novák 1941 (Lastrucci et al. 2010; Mereu et al. 2010; Mucina et al. 2016).

Geographic information : Italy, Tuscany, Siena, Colle di Val d’Elsa, 120 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 43.420509 N, 11.132562 E (Tab. 4, Rel. 1); 119 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 43.420773 N, 11.132174 E (Tab. 4, Rel. 2); 118 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 43.422548 N, 11.130689 E (Tab. 4, Rel. 3); 118 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 43.423415 N, 11.129922 E (Tab. 4, Rel. 4).

Cell ID in the EEA reference grid : 10kmE441N225 (Fig. 4).

Figure 4. 

Distribution in Italy of the Habitat 3260: in black the new cell, in grey the cells officially reported in the 4th Habitat report ex-Art. 17 (period 2013–2018; Eionet 2019), in white (black outline) the cells later reported (Rivieccio et al. 2020, 2021).

Table 4.

Habitat 3260.

Relevé number 1 2 3 4 Presences
Cell ID 10kmE441N225 10kmE441N225 10kmE441N225 10kmE441N225
Latitude 43.420509 43.420773 43.422548 43.423415
Longitude 11.132562 11.132174 11.130689 11.129922
Date 6/20/2021 6/20/2021 6/20/2021 6/20/2021
Area (m2) 1 1 1 1
Altitude (m a.s.l.) 120 119 118 118
Cover (%) 80 95 70 70
Aspect (°) - - - -
Slope (°) 0 0 0 0
Charact. and diff. of Batrachion fluitantis, Callitricho hamulatae-Ranunculetalia aquatilis and Potamogetonetea
^Potamogeton natans L. 4 5 . 3 3
^Myriophyllum spicatum L. 1 . 2 . 2
^Potamogeton nodosus Poir. . . 4 . 1
Other species
Schoenoplectus lacustris (L.) Palla 1 2 . . 2
Agrostis stolonifera L. subsp. stolonifera . . . 1 1
Mentha aquatica L. subsp. aquatica . . . 2 1
Alisma plantago-aquatica L. . . . 1 1
^Helosciadium nodiflorum (L.) W.D.J.Koch subsp. nodiflorum . + . . 1
^Veronica anagallis-aquatica L. subsp. anagallis-aquatica . . + . 1
^ Reference plant species of the Habitat 3260, from Biondi et al. (2009).

Nature 2000 Site Code : currently not included in any Natura 2000 Site.

Phytosociological table : Tab. 4; taxonomic nomenclature according to Bartolucci et al. (2018).

Notes : The habitat has been identified in the early-middle stretch of the Elsa River, running through the town of Colle di Val d'Elsa. It is located within the ANPIL (natural areas of local interest) "Parco Fluviale dell'Alta Val d'Elsa" and not far from the SAC IT5190003 "Montagnola Senese". The presence of this habitat was already known for some nearby cells and in other parts of the Elsa River itself. These data allow to increase the knowledge on distribution of Habitat 3260 in central Tuscany, which was recently detected in nearby areas (Rivieccio et al. 2021). It must be noted that the Habitat 3260 shares a lot of species with the Habitat 3150 (“Natural eutrophic lakes with Magnopotamion or Hydrocharition-type vegetation” – Biondi et al. 2009), and that in many cases the attribution to one habitat or the other has to be based on the physical conditions of the sites (running vs still waters).

#41. Annex I Habitat: 4090 Endemic oro-Mediterranean heaths with gorse (Gianguzzi L, Ilardi V, Bazan G)

EUNIS Classification system : S74 (formerly: F7.4) Central Mediterranean Mountain hedgehog-heath (Chytrý et al. 2020).

Biogeographical Region : Mediterranean

National Habitat Checklist of reference : Manuale Italiano di interpretazione degli habitat della Direttiva 92/43/ CEE (Biondi et al. 2009).

Phytosociological reference : Genistetum tyrrhenae (Brullo, Di Martino & Marcenò 1977) Brullo in Brullo & Furnari 1994 [Tab. S2 in Gianguzzi et al. (2015)]; Calicotomo villosae-Genistenion tyrrhenae Gianguzzi, Cusimano, Ilardi & Romano 2015; Calicotomo villosae-Genistion tyrrhenae Biondi 1997; Cisto salvifolii-Genistetum madoniensis Marino, Guarino & Bazan 2012 [Tab. S3 in Gianguzzi et al. (2015)]; Genisto aristatae-Calicotomenion infestae Gianguzzi, Cusimano, Ilardi & Romano 2015; Lavanduletalia stoechadis Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl., Molinier & Wagner 1940 em. Rivas-Martínez 1968; Cisto-Lavanduletea Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl., Molinier & Wagner 1940. Genistetum gasparrinii Gianguzzi, Cusimano, Ilardi & Romano 2015 [Tab. S6 in Gianguzzi et al. (2015)]; Genisto aspalathoidis-Rosmarinetum officinalis Gianguzzi 1999 [Tab. 7 in Gianguzzi (1999)]; Cisto eriocephali-Ericion multiflorae Biondi 1997; Rosmarinetalia officinalis Br.-Bl. ex Molinier 1934; Rosmarinetea officinalis Rivas-Martínez, Fernandez-Gonzàlez, Loidi, Lousã & Penas 2001 (Gianguzzi et al. 2015).

Geographic information : Relevés and tables mentioned in this paragraph refer to Gianguzzi et al. (2015) and for Pantelleria Island to Gianguzzi (1999): Italy, Sicily, Lipari Island (Aeolian Archipelago) (Fig. 5), C.da Quattropani, between 180 and 319 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 38.512899 N, 14.914244 E (Tab. S2, Rel. 1); 38.513378 N, 14.914181 E (Tab. S2, Rel. 2); 38.514858 N, 14.914774 E (Tab. S2, Rel. 3); 38.517116 N, 14.915913 E (Tab. S2, Rel. 4); Italy, Sicily, Salina Island (Aeolian Archipelago), 90 m a.s.l., Santa Marina Salina, 38.568655 N, 14.869475 E (Tab. S2, Rel. 5); Italy, Sicily, Pollina, between 530 and 560 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 37.993555 N, 14.151966 E (Tab. S3, Rel. 1); 37.993666 N, 14.151249 E (Tab. S3, Rel. 2); 37.993622 N, 14.150214 E (Tab. S3, Rel. 6); Italy, Sicily, Collesano (Fig. 6), Case Pedale, between 570 and 590 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 37.939561 N, 13.947916 E (Tab. S3, Rel. 3); 37.938414 N, 13.945270 E (Tab. S3, Rel. 4); 37.938850 N, 13.944209 E (Tab. S3, Res. 5); Italy, Sicily, Cefalù, Bivio Sellitta, between 590 and 610 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 37.979154 N, 13.975927 E (Tab. S3, Rel. 7); 37.978902 N, 13.977135 E (Tab. S3, Rel. 8); 37.978974 N, 13.977439 E (Tab. S3, Rel. 9); Italy, Sicily, S. Mauro Castelverde, between 720 and 790 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 37.934358 N, 14.158271 E (Tab. S3, Rel. 10); 37.935162 N, 14.158668 E (Tab. S3, Rel. 11); 37.935522 N, 14.158818 E (Tab. S3, Rel. 12); 37.934103 N, 14.157938 E (Tab. S3, Rel. 13); 37.933881 N, 14.157778 E (Tab. S3, Rel. 14); Italy, Sicily, Palermo, Mt. Gallo, Pizzo Vuturo between 100 and 500 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 36.736045 N, 12.004186 E (Tab. S6, Rel. 1); 36.736366 N, 12.025052 E (Tab. S6, Rel. 2); 36.736623 N, 12.025380 E (Tab. S6, Rel. 3); 36.737031 N, 12.025665 E (Tab. S6, Rel. 4); 36.739889 N, 12.017726 E (Tab. S6, Rel. 5); 36.740353 N, 12.019139 E (Tab. S6, Rel. 6); 36.740981 N, 12.020209 E (Tab. S6, Rel. 7); 36.741543 N, 12.022514 E (Tab. S6, Rel. 8); 36.747172 N, 12.026668 E (Tab. S6, Rel. 12); Italy, Sicily, Palermo, Mt. Gallo, Pizzo Vuturo between 60 and 70 m a.s.l., 36.741812 N, 12.023235 E (Tab. S6, Rel. 9); 36.742043 N, 12.024112 E Tab. S6, Rel. 10); Italy, Sicily, Palermo, Mt. Gallo (Fig. 7), Pizzo Sella 350 m a.s.l., 36.746551 N, 12.027147 E (Tab. S6, Rel. 11); Italy, Sicily, Pantelleria Island (Fig. 8), Dietro Isola, 36.736045 N, 12,004186 E (Tab. 7, Rel. 1); Italy, Sicily, Pantelleria Island, Punta Zineddi, 36.736366 N, 12.025052 E (Tab. 7, Rel. 2); Italy, Sicily, Pantelleria Island, Punta del Banco, 36.736623 N, 12.025380 E (Tab. 7, Rel. 3); 36.737031 N, 12.025665 E (Tab. 7, Rel. 4); 36.739889 N, 12.017726 E (Tab. 7, Rel. 5); 36.740353 N, 12.019139 E (Tab. 7, Rel. 6); 36.740981 N, 12.020209 E (Tab. 7, Rel. 7); 36.741543 N, 12.022514 E (Tab. 7, Rel. 8); 36.741812 N, 12.023235 E (Tab. 7, Rel. 9); 36.742043 N, 12.024112 E (Tab. 7, Rel. 10); Italy, Sicily, Pantelleria Island, Cuddia Attalora, 36.746551 N, 12.027147 E (Tab. 7, Rel. 11); 36.747172 N, 12.026668 E (Tab. 7, Rel. 12).

Figure 5. 

Genistetum tyrrhenae (Lipari Island).

Figure 6. 

Aspect of the Genista madoniensis vegetation (Collesano, Bosco Pedale).

Figure 7. 

Garrigue with Genista gasparrini (M. Gallo, Palermo).

Figure 8. 

Habitat with Genista aspalathoides (Pantelleria Island).

Figure 9. 

Distribution in Italy of the Habitat 4090: in black the new cells, in grey the cells officially reported in the 4th Habitat report ex-Art. 17 (period 2013–2018; Eionet 2019), in white (black outline) the cell later reported (Gigante et al. 2019a).

Figure 10. 

Distribution in Italy of the Habitat 91L0: in black the new cell, in grey the cells officially reported in the 4th Habitat report ex-Art. 17 (period 2013-2018; Eionet 2019).

Table 5.

Habitat 91L0.

Relevé number 1 2 3 4 5 6 Presences
Cell ID 10km
E459N207
10km
E459N207
10km
E459N207
10km
E459N207
10km
E459N207
10km
E459N207
Latitude 41.744147 41.744062 41.734281 41.758622 41.743762 41.735465
Longitude 13.252099 13.251308 13.299273 13.342764 13.253897 13.302729
Date 8/11/2018 8/11/2018 7/29/2018 6/1/2017 4/14/2016 4/17/2022
Area (m2) 150 150 70 200 200 70
Altitude (m a.s.l.) 563 562 450 493 586 446
Cover (%) 95 95 90 90 90 90
Aspect (°) 340 335 - 0 45 -
Slope (°) 15 10 0 30 30 0
Charact. and diff. taxa of Carpino betuli-Coryletum avellanae
^ Carpinus betulus L. 5 5 5 3 5 1 6
^ Corylus avellana L. + . 1 2 + 4 5
^ Asperula taurina L. subsp. taurina . . 1 . . 2 2
Cardamine bulbifera (L.) Crantz . . . . . 1 1
^ Corydalis cava (L.) Schweigg. & Körte subsp. cava . . . . . 2 1
^ Galanthus nivalis L. . . . . . 1 1
Charact. and diff. taxa of Pulmonario apenninae-Carpinenion betuli, Erytronio-Carpinion, Fagetalia sylvaticae, and Carpino-Fagetea sylvaticae
^ Acer campestre L. 2 2 1 1 1 2 6
Hedera helix L. subsp. helix 2 3 1 1 2 1 6
Rosa arvensis Huds. + + r + + . 5
^ Crataegus laevigata (Poir.) DC. + + + . 1 . 4
^ Lonicera caprifolium L. r . 1 2 1 + 5
Euonymus europaeus L. + + . . + 1 4
^ Prunus avium (L.) L. + r . r 1 . 4
Viola reichenbachiana Jord. ex Boreau 1 1 1 . 3 . 4
Cyclamen hederifolium Aiton subsp. hederifolium 1 1 . + . . 3
Daphne laureola L. + . . r + . 3
^ Euphorbia amygdaloides L. r r . . 1 . 3
Helleborus foetidus L. subsp. foetidus . + . + 1 . 3
Mercurialis perennis L. . + . . 1 3 3
Brachypodium sylvaticum (Huds.) P.Beauv. subsp. sylvaticum . . 1 . 1 . 2
Melica uniflora Retz. . + . 1 . . 2
Pulmonaria vallarsae A.Kern. subsp. apennina (Cristof. & Puppi) L.Cecchi & Selvi . . 1 . . 1 2
^ Adoxa moschatellina L. subsp. moschatellina . . . . . 1 1
Alliaria petiolata (M.Bieb.) Cavara & Grande . . . . 1 . 1
Allium pendulinum Ten. . . . . 3 . 1
Campanula trachelium L. subsp. trachelium . . . 1 . . 1
Doronicum columnae Ten. r . . . . . 1
Euonymus latifolius (L.) Mill. . . . 2 . . 1
Euphorbia dulcis L. . . . r . . 1
Ficaria verna Huds. . . . . . 1 1
Lathyrus vernus (L.) Bernh. . 1 . . . . 1
Luzula forsteri (Sm.) DC. . . . . + . 1
Populus tremula L. . . . + . . 1
Ranunculus lanuginosus L. . . . . . 2 1
Symphytum bulbosum K.F.Schimp. . . . . . 3 1
Other species
Ruscus aculeatus L. + + r + 1 + 6
Cornus sanguinea L. subsp. hungarica (Kárpáti) Soó + r 2 1 + . 5
Quercus pubescens Willd. subsp. pubescens r + + 1 r . 5
^ Ligustrum vulgare L. . + 1 + + . 4
^ Acer opalus Mill. subsp. obtusatum (Waldst. & Kit. ex Willd.) Gams r . . 1 1 . 3
^ Anemone apennina L. . . . 1 3 3 3
^ Cornus mas L. + + + . . . 3
^ Crataegus monogyna jacq. . . + + 1 . 3
Geum urbanum L. . + + . + 3
Scutellaria columnae All. subsp. columnae 2 1 + . . . 3
Viola alba Besser subsp. dehnhardtii (Ten.) W.Becker . + + + . . 3
Ajuga reptans L. + . . . 1 . 2
Chaerophyllum temulum L. 1 . . + . . 2
Clematis vitalba L. r . . . + . 2
Cyclamen repandum Sm. subsp. repandum . . . . 2 + 2
^ Fraxinus ornus L. subsp. ornus . . . 1 + . 2
^ Lathyrus venetus (Mill.) Wohlf. . . . 1 1 . 2
Prunus spinosa L. subsp. spinosa r . . . + . 2
Rubus ulmifolius Schott . . . . + + 2
Veronica hederifolia L. . . . . + 1 2
Arisarum proboscideum (L.) Savi . . . . + . 1
Atropa bella-donna l. . . + . . . 1
Anisantha sp. . . . . . + 1
Digitalis micrantha Roth ex Schweigg. + . . . . . 1
Fragaria vesca L. subsp. vesca . . . 1 . . 1
Lamium maculatum L. . . . . . 1 1
Lilium bulbiferum L. subsp. croceum (Chaix) Jan . . . . 1 . 1
Poa sylvicola Guss. . . . . . 2 1
Robinia pseudoacacia L. . . . . . 1 1
Rubus hirtus Waldst. & Kit. group + . . . . . 1
Sambucus nigra L. . . . . . 2 1
Stellaria neglecta Weihe subsp. neglecta . . . . . 1 1
^ Sorbus torminalis (L.) Crantz . . . + . . 1
Thalictrum aquilegiifolium L. subsp. aquilegiifolium . . . . . + 1
Urtica dioica L. . . . . . 1 1
^ Reference plant species of the Habitat 91L0, from Biondi et al. (2009).
Figure 11. 

Distribution in Italy of the Habitat 91M0: in black the new cell, in grey the cells officially reported in the 4th Habitat report ex-Art. 17 (period 2013-2018; Eionet 2019).

Table 6.

Habitat 91M0.

Relevé number 1
Cell ID 10kmE459N206
Latitude 41.660184
Longitude 13.322857
Date 4/16/2016
Area (m2) 300
Altitude (m a.s.l.) 216
Cover (%) 90
Aspect (°) 180
Slope (°) 5
Charact. and diff. taxa of Mespilo germanicae-Quercetum frainetto
^Quercus frainetto Ten. 5
^Mespilus germanica L. 1
Ptilostemo stricti-Quercenion cerridis, Crataego laevigatae-Quercion cerridis, Quercetalia pubescenti-petraeae, Quercetea pubescentis
Ruscus aculeatus L. 3
^Aegonychon purpurocaeruleum (L.) Holub 2
Crataegus laevigata (Poir.) DC. 2
^Fraxinus ornus L. subsp. ornus 2
Crataegus monogyna Jacq. 1
Dioscorea communis (L.) Caddick & Wilkin 1
^Quercus cerris L. 1
Arum italicum Mill. subsp. italicum +
Brachypodium sylvaticum (Huds.) P.Beauv. subsp. sylvaticum +
^Luzula forsteri (Sm.) DC. +
Quercus pubescens Willd. subsp. pubescens +
Other species
Hedera helix L. subsp. helix 3
Prunus spinosa L. subsp. spinosa 3
^Euonymus europaeus L. 2
^Ligustrum vulgare L. 2
Lonicera caprifolium L. 2
Rosa sempervirens L. 2
Rubus ulmifolius Schott 2
Asparagus acutifolius L. 1
Prunus sp. 1
Cyclamen repandum Sm. subsp. repandum +
^Glechoma hirsuta Waldst. & Kit. +
Laurus nobilis L. +
Ligustrum lucidum W.T.Aiton +
^ Vicia cassubica L. +
^ Reference plant species of the Habitat 91M0, from Biondi et al. (2009).
Figure 12. 

Distribution in Italy of the Habitat 9340: in black the new cells, in grey the cells officially reported in the 4th Habitat report ex-Art. 17 (period 2013-2018; Eionet 2019).

Table 7.

Habitat 9340.

Relevé number 1 2 3 4 Presences
Cell ID 10kmE468N197 10kmE469N197 10kmE469N197 10kmE469N198
Latitude 40.812577 40.781888 40.817056 40.833439
Longitude 14.346724 14.405559 14.401818 14.448057
Date 5/19/2015 8/29/2007 9/8/2007 9/6/2007
Area (m2) 100 300 350 200
Altitude (m a.s.l.) 82 174 555 822
Aspect SW W W ESE
Slope (°) 2 45 5 40
Tree layer height (m) 20 7 18 7
Shrub layer height (m) 1.5 3 2 2
Herb layer height (m) 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Total cover (%) 90 100 90 90
Tree layer cover (%) 75 90 75 85
Shrub layer cover (%) 30 15 20 30
Herb layer cover (%) 20 5 5 5
Charact. and diff. taxa of Fraxino orni-Quercenion ilicis
^Drymochloa drymeja (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Holub subsp. exaltata (C.Presl) Foggi & Signorini 2 + . . 2
^Fraxinus ornus L. subsp. ornus 2 2 . . 2
Dioscorea communis (L.) Caddick & Wilkin 1 . . . 1
Emerus major Mill. subsp. emeroides (Boiss. & Spruner) Soldano & F.Conti . 2 . . 1
Charact. and diff. taxa of Fraxino orni-Quercion ilicis, Quercetalia ilicis, Quercetea ilicis
^Quercus ilex L. subsp. ilex 5 5 5 5 4
Asplenium onopteris L. 1 + 1 + 4
^Rubia peregrina L. 1 + . + 3
Ruscus aculeatus L. 2 1 . . 2
^Smilax aspera L. + + . . 2
Asparagus acutifolius L. . + . . 1
^Arbutus unedo L. . + . . 1
^Phillyrea latifolia L. + . . . 1
Pinus pinaster Aiton subsp. pinaster . . 1 . 1
^Viburnum tinus L. subsp. tinus + . . . 1
^Laurus nobilis L. 1 . . . 1
Other species
Hedera helix L. subsp. helix 2 + + . 3
Robinia pseudoacacia L. . . + + 2
Rubus ulmifolius Schott . . 1 2 2
Sorbus domestica L. . + + . 2
Castanea sativa Mill. . . . + 1
Catapodium rigidum (L.) C.E.Hubb. subsp. rigidum . + . . 1
Cephalanthera longifolia (L.) Fritsch . . + . 1
Clematis vitalba L. + 1
Cytisus villosus Pourr. . + . . 1
Epilobium sp. . . . + 1
Geum urbanum L. . . . + 1
Hieracium racemosum Waldst. & Kit. ex Willd. subsp. crinitum (Sm.) Rouy . . . + 1
Mycelis muralis (L.) Dumort. subsp. muralis . . + 1
Orobanche hederae Vaucher ex Duby 1 . . . 1
Orobanche sp. . + . . 1
Polypodium cambricum L. . + . . 1
Pseudoturritis turrita (L.) Al-Shehbaz . . . + 1
Quercus pubescens Willd. subsp. pubescens . + . . 1
^ Reference plant species of the Habitat 9340, from Biondi et al. (2009).

Cell ID in the EEA reference grid : 10kmE475N172 [Tab. S2, Rels 1 to 4 in Gianguzzi et al. (2015)] ; 10kmE474N173 [Tab. S2, Rel. 5 in Gianguzzi et al. (2015)]; 10kmE468N166 [Tab. S3, Rels 1 and 2, Rel. 6, Rels 10 to 14 in Gianguzzi et al. (2015)]; 10kmE467N166 [Tab. S3, Rels 3 to 9 in Gianguzzi et al. (2015)]; 10kmE461N168 [Tab. S6, Rels 1 to 12 in Gianguzzi et al. (2015)]; 10kmE450N152 [Tab. 7, Rels 1 to 12 in Gianguzzi (1999)] (Fig. 9).

Natura 2000 Site Code : SAC ITA030030 “Isola di Lipari” [Tab. S2, Rels 1 to 4 in Gianguzzi et al. (2015)]; SAC ITA030029 “Isola di Salina (Stagno di Lingua)” [Tab. S2, Rel. 5 in Gianguzzi et al. (2015)]; SAC ITA020017 “Complesso Pizzo Dipilo e Querceti su calcare” and SPA ITA020050 “Parco delle Madonie” [Tab. S3, Rels 3 to 5 in Gianguzzi et al. (2015)]; SAC ITA020003 “Boschi di San Mauro Castelverde” [Tab. S3, Rels 10 to 14 in Gianguzzi et al. (2015)]; SAC ITA020006 “Capo Gallo” [Tab. S6, Rels 1 to 12 in Gianguzzi et al. (2015)]; SAC ITA010020 “Isola di Pantelleria - Area Costiera, Falesie e Bagno dell'Acqua” [Tab. 7, Rel. 1 and Rels 5 to 12 in Gianguzzi (1999)]; SPA ITA010030 “Isola di Pantelleria e area marina circostante” [Tab. 7, Rels 1 to 12 in Gianguzzi (1999)].

Notes : The garrigues with Genista sp. pl. of the Cisto-Lavanduletea and Rosmarinetea officinalis classes of the southern territories of the Italian-Tyrrhenian Province, have been reviewed in a recent phytosociological contribution (Gianguzzi et al. 2015). The study led to the syntaxonomic characterization of several coenoses and to the redefinition of some new other sintaxa. In Sicily these garrigues are dominated by the following endemic and subendemic taxa: Genista tyrrhena subsp. tyrrhena (Aeolian Archipelago), G. gasparrini (Mount Gallo at Palermo), G. madoniensis (Madonie Mts.), G. aristata (Madonie and Nebrodi Mts.), G. cupanii (Madonie Mts.), G. demarcoi (Pizzo di Pilo at Isnello), G. aristata (Madonie Mts, Nebrodi Mts. and southern Calabria) and G. aspalathoides (Pantelleria Island and coasts of Tunisia and Algeria). In particular, the Genista sp. pl. garrigues of Sicily have been attributed to seven associations and two subassociations, referring to three distinct suballiances of the aforementioned vegetation classes Cisto-Lavanduletea (acidophilous communities on volcanic substrata and quartzarenites) and Rosmarinetea officinalis (basiphilous communities on calcareous and calcareous-dolomite substrates).

The Genista sp. pl. communities have a secondary origin due to grazing activities and fire and despite the long-term exploitation they maintain a high biodiversity level and represent elements of a sustainable use of traditional and historical agricultural landscapes (Marino et al. 2012; Bazan et al. 2020a, 2020b; Castrorao Barba et al. 2021). The high conservation interest of these communities with regards to the peculiarity of their floristic composition, with the presence of rare or endemic species, made them worthy of inclusion in the habitat 4090. This led to a subsequent update of the distribution of the habitat 4090 in Sicily, in the same way as other formations reported for the western part of Sicily and the small islands (e.g., De Castro et al. 2008, 2015; Gianguzzi and Bazan 2020; Gianguzzi and La Mantia 2009; Gianguzzi et al. 2013, 2014a, 2014b, 2015, 2016, 2017, etc.).

#42. Annex I Habitat: 91L0 Illyrian oak-hornbeam forests (Erythronio-Carpinion) (Fanfarillo E, Fiaschi T, Angiolini C)

EUNIS Classification system : included in T1E - Carpinus and Quercus mesic deciduous forest (Chytrý et al. 2020).

Biogeographical Region : Mediterranean

National Habitat Checklist of reference: “Manuale Italiano di interpretazione degli habitat della Direttiva 92/43/CEE” (Biondi et al. 2009).

Phytosociological reference : Carpino betuli-Coryletum avellanae Ballelli, Biondi & Pedrotti 1982, Pulmonario apenninae-Carpinenion betuli Biondi, Casavecchia, Pinzi, Allegrezza & Baldoni ex Biondi, Casavecchia, Pinzi, Allegrezza & Baldoni in Biondi, Allegrezza, Casavecchia, Galdenzi, Gigante & Pesaresi 2013, Erythronio-Carpinion (Horvat 1958) Marinček in Wallnöfer et al. 1993, Fagetalia sylvaticae Pawłowski 1928, Carpino-Fagetea sylvaticae Jakucs ex Passarge 1968 (Ballelli et al. 1980; Biondi et al. 2014; Mucina et al. 2016).

Geographic information : Italy, Lazio, Frosinone, Fumone, 563 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 41.744147 N, 13.252099 E (Tab. 5, Rel. 1); 562 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 41.744062 N, 13.251308 E (Tab. 5, Rel. 2); Italy, Lazio, Frosinone, Alatri, 450 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 41.7342281 N, 13.299273 E (Tab. 5, Rel. 3); 493 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 41.758622 N, 13.342764 E (Tab. 5, Rel. 4); Italy, Lazio, Frosinone, Fumone, 586 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 41.743762 N, 13.253897 E (Tab. 5, Rel. 5); Italy, Lazio, Frosinone, Alatri, 446 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 41.735465 N, 13.302729 E (Tab. 5, Rel. 6).

Cell ID in the EEA reference grid : 10kmE459N207 (Fig. 10).

Nature 2000 Site Code : currently not included in any Natura 2000 Site.

Phytosociological table : Tab. 5; taxonomic nomenclature according to Bartolucci et al. (2018).

Notes : In the area of the records, these woods are often fragments located in High Nature Value agricultural areas that are very rich in patches of other well-preserved natural vegetation types, like Carpinion orientalis Horvat 1958 forests (Fanfarillo et al. 2017a, 2017b). Relevés 1, 2, and 5 are included in the Canterno Lake Natural Reserve.

#43. Annex I Habitat: 91M0 Pannonian-Balkanic turkey oak-sessile oak forests (Fanfarillo E, Fiaschi T, Angiolini C)

EUNIS Classification system : T19512 - Southern Italic Quercus frainetto forests (Chytrý et al. 2020).

Biogeographical Region : Mediterranean

National Habitat Checklist of reference : “Manuale Italiano di interpretazione degli habitat della Direttiva 92/43/CEE” (Biondi et al. 2009).

Phytosociological reference : Mespilo germanicae-Quercetum frainetto Biondi, Gigante, Pignattelli & Venanzoni 2001, Ptilostemo stricti-Quercenion cerridis Bonin & Gamisans 1977, Crataego laevigatae-Quercion cerridis Arrigoni 1997, Quercetalia pubescenti-petraeae Klika 1933, Quercetea pubescentis Doing-Kraft ex Scamoni et Passarge 1959 (Biondi et al. 2001; Biondi et al. 2014; Mucina et al. 2016).

Geographic information : Italy, Lazio, Frosinone, Alatri, 216 m a.s.l., Coordinates: 41.660184 N, 13.322857 E (Tab. 6, Rel. 1).

Cell ID in the EEA reference grid : 10kmE459N206 (Fig. 11).

Nature 2000 Site Code : currently not included in any Natura 2000 Site.

Phytosociological table : Tab. 6; taxonomic nomenclature according to Bartolucci et al. (2018).

Notes : the 14 relevés of Table 1 in Copiz et al. (2006), attributed to Mespilo germanicae-Quercetum frainetto quercetosum roboris, fall into the same cell of our relevé and are classifiable as well in the habitat 91M0.

#44. Annex I Habitat: 9340 Quercus ilex and Quercus rotundifolia forests (Stinca A, Mei G, Esposito A)

EUNIS Classification system : G2.12 - Quercus ilex woodland.

Biogeographical Region : Mediterranean

National Habitat Checklist of reference : “Manuale Italiano di interpretazione degli habitat della Direttiva 92/43/CEE” (Biondi et al. 2009).

Phytosociological reference : Fraxino orni-Quercenion ilicis Bacchetta, Bagella, Biondi, Farris, Filigheddu & Mossa ex Bacchetta, Bagella, Biondi, Farris, Filigheddu & Mossa in Biondi et al. 2013; Fraxino orni-Quercion ilicis Biondi, Casavecchia & Gigante ex Biondi, Casavecchia & Gigante In Biondi, Allegrezza, Casavecchia, Galdenzi, Gigante & Pesaresi 2013; Quercetalia ilicis Br.-Bl. ex Molinier 1934; Quercetea ilicis Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl., Roussine & Nègre 1952 (Biondi and Blasi 2015).

Geographic information : Italy, Campania, Naples, Portici, Royal Park, 82 m a.s.l. Coordinates: 40.812577 N, 14.346724 E (Tab. 7, Rel. 1); Italy, Campania, Naples, Torre del Greco, loc. Camaldoli della Torre, 174 m a.s.l. Coordinates: 40.781888 N, 14.405559 E (Tab. 7, Rel. 2); Italy, Campania, Naples, Ercolano, loc. Riserva Tirone, 555 m a.s.l. Coordinates: 40.817056 N, 14.401818 E (Tab. 7, Rel. 3); Italy, Campania, Naples, Ottaviano, between Ottaviano and Cognoli d'Ottaviano, 822 m a.s.l. Coordinates: 40.833439 N, 14.448057 E (Tab. 7, Rel. 4).

Cell ID in the EEA reference grid : 10kmE468N197 (Tab. 7, Rels 1 to 3); 10kmE469N198 (Tab. 7, Rel. 4) (Fig. 12).

Nature 2000 Site Code : SAC IT8030021 “Monte Somma”; SAC IT8030036 “Vesuvio”; SPA IT8030037 “Vesuvio e Monte Somma”.

Phytosociological table : Tab. 7; taxonomic nomenclature according to Bartolucci et al. (2018).

Notes : The relevés describe the holm-oak forests that occur in the volcanic area of the Somma-Vesuvio complex. Like most other natural habitats which are located in the area around the Bay of Naples, todate this forest habitat is mainly threatened by the effects of various human activities, such as wildfires (Stinca et al. 2020) and invasions of alien species (Stinca et al. 2015), but also by extreme natural events linked to climate change (Teobaldelli et al. 2020).

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